For some historical context, on August 8th, the Great Train Robbery took place in England and on August 18th, James Meredith became the first African-American to graduate from the University of Mississippi. Oh, and there was a really big march on at the Lincoln Memorial later that month. We wrote a few posts about it that you should check out.
Source: Library of Congress
Here are a few more photos taken by different photographers that same day. These are great.